More than 80 years of Experience
Josef Jünger founds the company "A. & J. Jünger OHG Feuerungs- und Schornsteinbau" together with his brother Adam in Mannheim, Germany.
The big power plant Großkraftwerk Mannheim (GKM) was one of the company’s first customers. This company still takes advantage of the reliability of J+G today. Two years later a patent was filed with the German Reich Patent Office for the JJ suspended roof. This underscored the innovation and Jünger’s foresight to protect his inventive know-how against copycats.
Fritz Gräter sen. joins the company. He marries Leni Jünger, the daughter of Josef Jünger, in 1941.
Josef and Adam Jünger separate. The company moves to Schwetzingen and changes its name to "Josef Jünger Feuerungsbau und Ingenieurbüro".
Old documents show how hard the times were during the last years of World War II and first years after the war. For example, only 10 design (construction) drawings were made in 1945. This means that business activity was down by 80% compared to previous years and proves how big the economic difficulties were at that time.
With the construction of the four melting chamber boiler plants for the GKM power plant in Mannheim one sees signs of the economic recovery for J+G and Germany. The order was placed by Kohlenscheidungs-Gesellschaft (KSG) in Stuttgart which is now known as Alstom Power Systems.
First orders are received from customers outside Germany. These customers are located in Switzerland, England and the Netherlands. The engineering office Raschka in Heidelberg requested J+G to install the brickwork lining in the first furnaces with a circulating fluidized bed. These furnaces were the foundation for the J+G success story in the sector of circulating fluidized bed incineration as an inventor of many new developments in and around CFB technology. Many of these inventions are still in use today.
Company moves to new offices in the Kurfürstenstraße 24 in Schwetzingen.
Business grows and a big order is received to build a so-called zig-zag furnace for the tile manufacturer Hensieck in Velpe/Westphalia. More than 100 J+G bricklayers worked at the biggest construction site J+G had served up until this date. The photograph shows from right to left: Stefan Schuhmacher as construction manager, Josef Jünger and Fritz Gräter.
Order placed by KSG for boiler no. 9, Kraftwerk Mitte of the BASF chemical company in Ludwigshafen. The order value was DM 278,000.00. A bricklayer earned DM 2.36 an hour. Today the order value would be about €2 million and a specialized refractory bricklayer earns €16.93 an hour. This corresponds to an annual inflation rate over 5 % over 56 years or a total inflation rate of approx. 1,300, % until today.
New company name Jünger & Gräter KG, General Partner: Fritz Gräter sen.
More office space leased in the Kurfürstenstraße 22a in Schwetzingen.
Big KSG order for a lignite boiler with a thermal performance of 1,000 tons steam/h in Ptolemais, Greece. Followed by Kardia (2x), Agios Dimitrios (2x) both in Greece and Neyvelli (4x) in India. With Block Q in Frimmersdorf, Blocks A, B and C in Neurath lignite boilers are lined with refractories and serviced in Germany, too.
Fritz Gräter joins the company as refractory bricklayer apprentice in his second year of training.
J+G’s first big project outside Europe: Sugar plant in Guneid in Sudan. Four steep pipe boilers with bagasse firing are built for the machinery company Buckau R. Wolf AG in Grevenbroich/Neuss. Our former refractory bricklayer apprentice and later foreman, Karl Träger (photograph), was also active there as training supervisor.
Jünger+Gräter Beteiligungs-GmbH becomes General Partner. Total capital: DM 100,000.00. Josef Jünger and Fritz Gräter sen. are the executive managers.
Construction of the last chimney bricked by J+G with a height of 150 meters for the refuse incinerator Mannheim-Nord which is still in operation today. In the mid-1960s, J+G discontinued chimney construction activities because of now specializing on the slip-forming method in the chimney construction sector.
Start of the main business activity of J+G: waste incineration. J+G got the order for the refractory lining inside four plants for the City of Mannheim on the Friesenheimer Insel. This was one of the biggest plants in Europe with an incineration capacity of 125,000 tons annually.
The company founder Josef Jünger dies at the age of 74. Josef Kandziora takes over the technical department.
Construction of the first special refuse incineration plant at the BASF chemical company in Ludwigshafen. This project paved the way to become a recognized refractory engineering partner in this special field of environmental protection and connected thermal processes. Since this time J+G is a renowned partner when it comes to solving difficult problems in the sector of refractory engineering.
Company moves into the Josef Jünger House in Robert-Bosch-Straße 1 in Schwetzingen. Fritz Gräter becomes the second executive manager.
Installation of a dome without using molds at the Farbwerke Hoechst chemical company in Frankfurt-Höchst. This technique developed by J+G was a milestone in the construction of circulating fluidized bed plants. Plants were built outside Europe in Zambia, Peru, Algeria and Australia. A zinc roaster has the diameter record for a self-supporting crown with over 16 meters at Asturiana de Zinc in Spain.
First order over DM 1 million – exactly DM 1.61 million – for a new process called “circulating flow plant” at the BASF chemical company in Ludwigshafen. J+G installed more than 1,300 tons of standard and shaped refractory bricks because BASF did not accept unshaped refractory materials (monolithics) at that rime. To better grasp the magnitude of this order one has to know that the total sales volume of J+G was 3.6 million the year before (1967).
Completion of the second administration building, workshops and storage facility. Stefan Schuhmacher is appointed to Chief Engineer.
Speedy transformation from a craft business to an internationally operating refractory engineering company. As part of the booming steel industry J+G obtained big business by constructing pelletizing plants. One of the first plants was built completely with steel construction and refractories in Vitafors/Sweden. The order was placed by Lurgi Chemie und Hüttentechnik GmbH and worth DM 2.51 million. Projects in Brazil, Venezuela, Mexico, India, Nigeria and Libya followed.
Introduction of data processing in the commercial sector.
Filing of the patent “Self-supporting, ceramic tuyere bottom out of refractory ramming mix with tuyeres positioned in the bottom”. The tuyere bottom is operated with hot air coming from below and was mainly used in sewage sludge incinerators or metallurgical roaster plants. Due to its design and robust build the “J+G tuyere bottom” became an immediate success and was a synonym for the inventiveness of J+G. This J+G premium product operates in over 200 plants around the world.
After restructuring the business is conducted by “Jünger+Gräter GmbH Feuerfestbau“. Share capital: DM 600,000.00.
Starting with the construction of an aluminum oxide calcining plant based on a circulating fluidized bed in Nikolajew/Ukraine the foundation was laid for further plants in Germany, Australia, USA and France. J+G was able to gain the lead in know-how in this field.
Urban Butz became head of the commercial department.
Start of business involving direct reduction plants for iron ore with projects for Lurgi and Voest in Hadeed/Saudi-Arabia, Misurata/Libya, Auckland/New Zealand, Vanderbijlpark/South Africa and the Malaysian Federal State Sabah on Borneo.
Foundation of the subsidiary “Socoré S.à.r.l.“(Société de Constructions Réfractaires), nowadays ”Jünger+Gräter SARL“ in France.
Due to their big experience with calcining plants J+G becomes a pioneer in the refractory sector for the construction of circulating fluidized bed coal power plants. Together with Lurgi Energie und Kohle GmbH a new highly efficient and environmentally-friendly energy generation technology (from coal) was first implemented.
Fritz Gräter sen. departs as the executive manager. Fritz Gräter becomes the sole executive manager.
Josef Kandziora departs the company as technical director. Dr. Ing. A.-Ehler Nowak is his successor.
J+G is the largest refractory engineering company in the National Association of the German Construction Industry (ZDB) and a leading founding member of the German Association for Refractory and Chimney Engineering (dgfs). The first meeting of the governing body was held in the hotel Bayrischer Hof on October 15, 1985, in Munich. Fritz Gräter was elected as Vice-Chairman of the German Association for Refractory and Chimney Engineering.
50th anniversary of J+G.
J+G gets the order to build the worldwide biggest Claus plant (sulfur generation out of coke oven gas or natural gas) in Tengiz/Kazakhstan. The diameter of the combustion chamber and, consequently, the tuyere bottom is over 5 meters.
First meeting of 23 J+G retirees. This was mentioned in the first J+G Report with a content of 12 pages.
J+G entered a new entrepreneurial sector with the construction of the first weapon disposal plant in Munster. For the first time J+G acted as “plant engineer“. J+G supplied all required components for the furnace including the control unit. Due to the disarmament treaties between the USA, European Union and the Soviet Union further plants of the same type were also built by J+G in Russia.
Construction of the worldwide largest sewage sludge incineration plant for the central sewage plant of the BASF chemical plant in Ludwigshafen with major assistance on the part of J+G.
J+G is the first refractory engineering company with certified quality management system.
Experience and know-how helped to get the order to build the biggest circulating fluidized bed power plant in Europe in Gardanne/France.
Within nine work days 436 m³ of refractories were broken out and within 42 days 596 m³ of new refractories installed. For the Heidelberger Zement AG cement company at their plant in Schelklingen the scheduled installation time was shortened by seven days. This proves that J+G cannot only plan big refractory projects but execute them in record time.
After 50 years of company service and an unusual career Stefan Schuhmacher retires from J+G. He made a major contribution to the development of refractory engineering at J+G. As part of a retirement ceremony at the castle in Schwetzingen he is rewarded the medal of honor of the State of Baden-Wuerttemberg as ordered by Governor Erwin Teufel.
Sales exceed DM 50 million for the first time.
JuSyS® was filed at the patent office as collective trade name for J+G specific system solutions.
Order received for refractory engineering, supply of refractories and installation of the refractories for an iron ore reduction plant according to the “Circored“ process of Lurgi-Metallurgi on the Caribbean island Trinidad. 180,000 hours of work without an accident, 1,510 m³ refractories, 490 m³ insulation, 17 pieces of machinery, 143 individual components and over 500 m of lined pipes show the magnitude and coordination effort required for this project.
Urban Butz deceases. Wolfram Arnold takes over the commercial department.
Sales over DM 60 million for the first time.
Filing of the patent for the “rear-ventilated system“ which revolutionized under the trade name JuSyS®Air the worldwide market for tile systems in refuse incineration. Corrosion of boiler walls and anchoring systems was no longer an issue. New service life records were achieved at ease. At the moment more than 100 refuse incinerator lines are equipped with JuSyS®Air.
First meeting with Karl-Heinz Elling in Klötze to discuss the founding of “RefraServ GmbH“. The contract was notarized on June 6, 2001.
A service life of ten years was the requirement for the construction of the flue gas recuperators in the special refuse incinerator operated by the Cleanaway company in England. The service life of the protective linings at that time was below two years. Today the customers know that, based on J+G expertise, they can rely on service life statements made by J+G. The first J+G lining is still in operation in its anniversary year.
The occupational safety management system of J+G is certified.
A strategic milestone for the special refuse incineration sector. For the first time J+G has a refractory manufacturer produce chrome-corundum bricks according to requirements and recipe given by J+G. The innovative product with superb performance is marketed with the trade name JUBRICK TE600A. In the years to come this product is further enhanced based on J+G know-how.
Leni Gräter deceases at age 84. Fritz Gräter sen. deceases at age 85.
Markus Horn becomes executive manager. With Andreas Gräter the fourth generation is active in the family business.
Degussa places an order over €4 million. The steel and refractory engineering was supplied for six reactors to produce hydrocyanic acid out of methane and ammonia. The installation work was done in Antwerp/Belgium.
At the end of the year Fritz Gräter leaves his position as executive manager of “Jünger+Gräter GmbH Feuerfestbau“. However, together with Andreas Gräter he remains part of the executive management of the parent company.
J+G receives the order for the construction of three stationary circulating fluidized bed plants for the disposal of residual materials for Indaver in Antwerp. The plants are lined with the new “light” refractory concept which enables the plant engineers to use 10 % less steel.
Share capital now in Euro and increased to €3 million.
Sales over €40 million for the first time.
Development of special, highly abrasion-resistant and thermal shock resistant fireclay and andalusite bricks according to own recipe. These products open the door to the so-called substitute fuel power plants based on a circulating fluidized bed. J+G received three orders for plants in Witzenhausen, Wittenberg and Schwedt. Over 4,000 tons of refractories were installed.
“Socoré s.à.r.l.“ moves to Mions near Lyon and now operates under the new name “Jünger+Gräter S.A.R.L.“.
New laws and regulations often have a major economic impact on companies. Starting 2005 it was no longer permitted to send untreated household refuse to dump sites. This had a very positive effect for J+G in that we received new construction orders for 26 refuse incinerator lines in one year.
In the logo the word “Feuerfestbau“ is replaced by the word “Refractories“.
Sales of the J+G Group over €50 million for the first time. New name “Jünger+Gräter GmbH“.
18 gasification reactors were built for “Shell Global Solutions“ in the desert sand in Qatar with over 2,000 tons of refractories. The order value exceeded €5 million. During the boom phase of this project named “Pearl GTL” over 45,000 engineers and workers from all over the world were on site. As one of only few companies J+G got an appreciation award for reliability in the sectors occupational health, environmental protection and safety at the construction site.
Founding of “Jünger+Gräter Schweiz GmbH“ in Gebenstorf/Switzerland.
Unification of the holding companies to “Jünger+Gräter Holding GmbH“.
Expansion of the JuSyS®-refractory systems with installation of these systems in the petrochemical sector in ethylene cracking furnaces (JuSyS®LW Light Weight), in the cement sector in zones stressed by high corrosion in the preheater (JuSyS®ACL Anti Corrosion Lining) and in circulating fluidized beds plant parts subjected to high erosion such as the cyclones (JuSyS®CFB Circulated Fluidized Bed).
New office space added to the Josef-Jünger-House.
Sales over €65 million for the first time in the J+G Group.
Lining of a methanol reformer in Oman. J+G received the order because we had the most convincing concept of three international “refractory consultants”. Within 12 hours 26 tons of self-flowing refractory castables were poured behind molds made in the workshops of J+G. This is probably the largest refractory lining without joints in the world which was installed by continuous casting.
Founding of “Jünger+Gräter Austria GmbH“ in Vienna/Austria.
Markus Horn and Andreas Gräter become fellow partners of Jünger+Gräter GmbH. Increase of capital to €5 million.
75th anniversary of J+G.
Completion of the new logistics center in Schwetzingen. With a capacity of 4,000 pallets and modern inventory management system J+G reacts to increased requirements regarding reaction times, traceability of supplies, quality control of service and maintenance on the industrial furnaces. The construction of the logistics center is the biggest individual investment in the long company history of J+G. Own funds were exclusively used for this investment.
Complete replacement of a circulating fluidized bed zinc roaster by J+G as general contractor within 44 days at Nyrstar in Balen/Belgium. In addition to the refractories, J+G was responsible for breakout of old refractories, teardown of the old furnace, steel construction for the vessels and outer insulation. This order was one of the biggest individual projects ever handled by J+G.
New records were set in 2017 with incoming orders over €70 million for the GmbH (limited liability company) and over €93 million for the entire J+G Group.
Martin Callies is appointed managing shareholder at J+G Schweiz GmbH.
Mrs. Birgit Elling departs RefraServ GmbH as general partner. RefraServ takes over the shares.